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Qatar

About Qatar

Location
Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

Area
11,586 sq km

Population
1,951,591 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 12.5%
15-64 years: 86.7% 
65 years and over: 0.8% (2012 est.)

Median age
32.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
4.93% (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups
Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Religions
Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)

Languages
Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
 
Literacy
(Age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population: 96.3%
Male: 96.5%
Female: 95.4% (2010 est.)

Government type
Emirate

Capital
Doha

Legislative Branch
Unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura

Judicial Branch
Courts of First Instance, Appeal, and Cassation

Gross Domestic Product
$174.9 billion (2011 est.); per capita $98,900

GDP Growth Rate
14.1% (2011 est.)

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