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Qatar

About Qatar

Map of Qatar © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Map of Qatar © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Location
Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

Area
11,586 sq km

Population
2,123,160 (July 2014 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 12.5%
15-24 years: 13.4%
25-54 years: 69.9%
55-64 years: 3.4%
65 years and over: 0.8%  (2014 est.)

Median age
32.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate
3.58% (2014 est.)

Ethnic groups
Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Religions
Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)

Languages
Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
 
Literacy
(Age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population: 96.3%
Male: 96.5%
Female: 95.4% (2010 est.)

Government type
Emirate

Capital
Doha

Legislative Branch
Unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura

Judicial Branch
Courts of First Instance, Appeal, and Cassation

Gross Domestic Product
$198.7 billion (2013 est.); per capita $102,100

GDP Growth Rate
5.5% (2011 est.)

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