Skip Global Navigation to Main Content
Skip Breadcrumb Navigation
Saudi Arabia

About Saudi Arabia

Map of Saudi Arabia © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Map of Saudi Arabia © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Location
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

Area
2,149,690 sq km

Population
26,534,504 (July 2012 est.) including 5,576,076 non-nationals

Age structure
0-14 years: 28.8%
15-64 years: 68.2%
65 years and over: 3% (2012 est.)

Median age
25.7 years

Population growth rate
1.523% (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups
Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions
Muslim 100%

Languages
Arabic

Literacy
(Age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population: 86.6%
Male: 90.4%
Female: 81.3% (2010 est.)

Government type
Monarchy

Capital
Riyadh

Legislative Branch
Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura

Judicial Branch
Supreme Council of Justice

Gross Domestic Product
$687.7 billion, per capita: $24,400 (2011 est.)

GDP Growth Rate
7.1% (2011 est.)

Adobe Reader

  • Download Free
    Download Free

    All downloadable documents on this page are provided in PDF format.  To view PDFs you must have a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.  You may download a free version by clicking the link above.