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Saudi Arabia

About Saudi Arabia

Map of Saudi Arabia © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Map of Saudi Arabia © U.S. Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook

Location
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

Area
2,149,690 sq km

Population
27,345,986 (July 2014 est.); 30% are immigrants

Age structure
0-14 years: 27.6%
15-24 years: 19.3% 
25-54 years: 45.4% 
55-64 years: 4.5%65 years and over: 3.1% (2014 est.)

Median age
26.4 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate
1.49% (2014 est.)

Ethnic groups
Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions
Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

Languages
Arabic

Literacy
(Age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population: 87.2%
Male: 90.8%
Female: 82.2% (2011 est.)

Government type
Monarchy

Capital
Riyadh

Legislative Branch
Consultative Council or Majlis al-Shura

Judicial Branch
Supreme Council of Justice

Gross Domestic Product
$927.8 billion (2013 est.), per capita: $31,300 (2013 est.)

GDP Growth Rate
3.6% (2013 est.)

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